The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a national eviction moratorium order on Tuesday, September 1, 2020, that was published in the Federal Register on Friday, September 4, 2020. The purpose of the order is to stop the spread of COVID-19 by keeping people in their homes.
Please note: As of January 21, 2021, the national moratorium has been extended to March 31, 2021.
From the CDC:
In the context of a pandemic, eviction moratoria—like quarantine, isolation, and social distancing—can be an effective public health measure utilized to prevent the spread of communicable disease. Eviction moratoria facilitate self-isolation by people who become ill or who are at risk for severe illness from COVID-19 due to an underlying medical condition. They also allow State and local authorities to more easily implement stay-at-home and social distancing directives to mitigate the community spread of COVID-19. Furthermore, housing stability helps protect public health because homelessness increases the likelihood of individuals moving into congregate settings, such as homeless shelters, which then puts individuals at higher risk to COVID-19. The ability of these settings to adhere to best practices, such as social distancing and other infection control measures, decreases as populations increase. Unsheltered homelessness also increases the risk that individuals will experience severe illness from COVID-19.
There are eligibility requirements, so please read them carefully before signing the declaration form:
- You must sign a declaration under penalty of perjury that states your circumstances were related to COVID, or an extraordinary medical expense that would likely consume more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (and be able to prove that when the need arises);
- You have sought all available funding sources to pay your back rent, including government assistance;
- You must continue to pay rent when able to do so, or to make at least partial payments that are close to the full rent amount;
- You earn less than $99,000 annually (or $198,000 if you file taxes jointly with someone else), and;
- You would become homeless if you were evicted, and have no alternative housing available to you.
Some very important points to note:
- You still have to go to court, and the landlord can still obtain a judgement against you.
- The CDC’s moratorium only delays any eviction until after March 31, 2021, unless extended by the CDC.
- Tenants can still be evicted for other issues that don’t include nonpayment of rent.
- All adults listed on the lease must sign their own declaration form, in order to be protected under the moratorium.
- This moratorium expires March 31, 2021 unless amended.
You can download the published order here, with the declaration form attached, and a separate declaration form that has been formatted for easier reading here. In the separate form, only the formatting was changed — the original text from the CDC remains. Both files are in PDF format. If you need information in other languages, please go to the National Low Income Housing Coalition’s website for fact sheets in Arabic, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Spanish, Tagalog, and Vietnamese. (Fact sheets are in PDF format).
If you are a Maryland tenant, and need legal representation or legal advice, please contact the following organizations:
If you need financial assistance, please see these available programs (each has eligibility requirements you must meet, and are only available to residents of that county or city). If you have questions, please contact the organizations directly.